Liberalization of telecommunications, quick expansion of the Internet, connection of people and businesses into networks resulted in a new term - information society. The economic and social structures and relations were transformed, because new networked economy and information and knowledge-based society are merging, thus irretrievably changing the way people live, learn, work and relate to each other.
 

As opposed to the industrial revolution of the previous century, digital revolution has potential for quick expansion and the possibility of influencing everybody’s lives. At the heart of this revolution is information and communication technology which secures people constant access to information and knowledge, anywhere in the world. ICTs encourage the creation of economic and social networks of individuals and communities. The power of those networks lies in their ability to connect with different groups enabling access to information and knowledge exchange, which is crucial for their social and economic development. Salesmen and entrepreneurs use ICTs as an opportunity to promote their businesses on the national, regional and global level. On the other hand, ICTs offer a possibility for effective approach to health care and educational services, because people can now access them from their communities.

By its nature, information society knows no boundaries. Still, the greater part of world population shall not experience those benefits unless they are given an opportunity to fully participate in the expansion of the knowledge-based information society. While technical development in the world is improving - the number of phone lines per 100 people exceeded one in 2001 - the gap between those who have, and those who do not have access to the Internet is constantly increasing. Digital separation emphasizes the lack of information and knowledge, limits economic growth and the distribution of wealth, and influences the widening of the developmental gap between the rich and the poor, and is being interpreted as a new form of illiteracy.

Information society should stress universal human values: equality, justice, democracy, solidarity, mutual tolerance, human dignity, economic advancement, environmental protection and appreciation of diversity. By increasing our ability to communicate and share information, we are also increasing the possibility for creating a more peaceful and more advanced world. Special attention should be devoted to the marginal groups, the unemployed, underprivileged, children, the elderly and people with special needs.